That to understand it, to direct, it is necessary to study and analyze past lessons, to consider its miscalculations and mistakes not to repeat them more, but also not to reject the saved-up positive experience, and, on the contrary, to apply it in a present situation.
So far the considerable number of women of childbearing age works at the productions connected with right and severe conditions of work in a national economy of RB (in total about 1/, but despite the made decisions and resolutions, did not occur almost any changes in improvement of working conditions of the women occupied here, it is a little made for a conclusion of the pregnant women and mothers feeding children from here. Doctors of female consultations issue them, as a rule, certificates of the transfer to easy work. But actually there is a mass of the reasons that not to translate women (there is nobody to replace, there is no place to move, the woman most does not want to lose in a salary, etc.).
In everyday life of women (in a family, on works creation whenever possible of such conditions under which it could combine two important, socially significant functions — employment in the sphere of production at preservation of health and performance of maternal, family duties is necessary.
I agree with opinion of the ethnographer N. V. Bikbulatov considering that increase, more precisely normalization of average age of marriage has, certainly, positive value. It not only favorably affects on health of women, but also gives the chance to get an education and vocational training to zamuzhestva.1
Being guided by statistical data and documentary materials, it is possible to conclude that in Bashkortostan it was made and becomes much for creation of necessary conditions of a combination by women of work in a social production with motherhood and family duties. Considerably relations of production and social conditions of women improved. A lot of things were made on protection of motherhood and the childhood, new privileges for women - mothers, to families were entered. Many measures were undertaken in protection of the childhood.
One of examples of specific practical actions by the undertaken European Union for implementation of the purposes and tasks of the second program, was allocation of the EU of special guarantors by the Commission to the women beginning own business. The preference such was given in allocation of the help to those projects according to which it was supposed to create new workplaces for women with special problems (for example, for the unemployed), and also in spheres of professional activity, nonconventional for application female truda.1
Work in holidays is allowed only on process productions where on technological conditions the suspension of work is impossible, and also at some enterprises, in the institutions, the organizations serving the population; it is compensated by the increased payment. At the request of the worker who worked in the holiday, other day of rest, but only can be provided to her in case work is performed a lot of working hours for the registration period.
The statistics reflected as well such indicator as total number of the men and women who are married at the age of 16 years and is more senior. Decrease in coefficient of this indicator (at the end of the last decade — both at men to 685, and at women to 55 is explained by trouble in a demographic situation in the republic at this time; then there is a growth of an indicator both at men, and at women.
Shops of the enterprises of the oil, chemical and gas, easy and textile industries were equipped with new ventilating systems, vibration noise was reduced, work is facilitated by means of small-scale mechanization. Considerably expenses on actions for labor protection increased.
Despite the undertaken measures, numerous researches at the enterprises of various industries showed that qualification growth at women went slower rates, than at muzhchin.2
Being guided by statistical data and documentary materials, it is possible to draw a conclusion that in Bashkortostan it was made and becomes much for creation of necessary conditions of a combination by women of work in a social production with motherhood and family duties. Considerably working and social conditions of women improved. A lot of things were made on protection of motherhood and the childhood, new privileges for female mothers, to families were entered and entered. Many measures were undertaken in protection of the childhood.